The torque of your engine can be split in two different ways. Each individual output can spin at its own desired speed. Differential is found on all vehicles that are being manufactured these days, especially those with all-wheel-drive as a feature. Differential is needed with all-wheel-drive because of the need for differential between each set of drive wheels. One is also needed between the front and back wheels of the vehicle because there is a different distance that front wheels will travel (in comparison to rear wheels) when they go around a turn.

There are a few different types of differentials. The most basic and common is the open differential. In this scenario, the same amount of torque is being provided to all four of the wheels at all times. Limited-slip differential is another type that's used for making turns.

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